Outbreak of the war
End of the war

Martin Mutschlechner


The Bosnians in the Habsburg Monarchy

Within the Monarchy as a whole, the Bosnians, i.e. the southern Slav Muslims in Bosnia, were one of the smallest ethnic groups accounting for just 1.2 per cent of the population of the empire.


‘Serbs all and everywhere’: the Serb national programme

The cradle of modern Serbia was to be found significantly in Vienna and Pest, where small but prosperous and politically influential Serb communities lived in the Diaspora and Serbian intelligentsia absorbed influences from western Europe.


The Serbs in the Habsburg Monarchy

In 1910 the Serbs were one of the smaller ethnic groups in the Habsburg Monarchy with around 1.9 million people, 3.8 per cent of the total population. They were scattered throughout several crown lands and regions and did not enjoy an absolute majority anywhere.


A question of options: the national positions of the Slovenes

Slovene national politics were characterized by a struggle on several fronts against German and Italian hegemony claims. After the outbreak of war in 1914, the continued existence of a Slovene nation was put into question. Yugoslavism became a political option, but the Slovene political camps were divided as to how the idea should be put into practice.


The struggle of the Slovenes for their language

For the Slovenes as well, their language was the most important point of distinction from the ‘others’. In the era of nationalism, there status as one of the smaller ethnic groups in the region meant that the struggle for emancipation and linguistic equality were the main focal points.


The Slovenes in the Habsburg Monarchy

The Slovenes were one of the smaller ethnic groups in the Habsburg multinational empire. In 1910 only 1.4 million people claimed to speak the language habitually, just 2.6 per cent of the population of the Dual Monarchy.