The Paris peace treaties: post-war restructuring of Europe
The Paris peace treaties in 1919 were negotiated between the victorious powers in the First World War and the defeated Central Powers. They determined the new territorial arrangements for the losers. The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye redrew Austria’s borders, created new nations from the parts of the former Monarchy and forbade annexation to Germany. The Treaty of Versailles laid down conditions for Germany, determined its responsibility for the war and the reparations to be paid by it. The Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine was concluded with Bulgaria, the Treaty of Trianon with Hungary, and the Treaty of Sèvres with the Ottoman Empire (later Turkey).