The interleaving of state and society in the First World War resulted in an intensive mobilisation of the civilian population. The distinction between the trenches and the home front began to blur: the war took over daily life and the hinterland became a theatre of war. How did the war affect social cohesion? What did women experience as they became responsible for their families in the absence of the menfolk? How did children experience the psychological mobilisation of the propaganda machinery? Was the initial war enthusiasm as all-pervading as it appeared? And what permanent changes in society did the years 1914 to 1918 bring about?