Outbreak of the war
End of the war
"Figlia all'aquila di Roma" – the Italian claim to southern Tyrol, Italian propaganda postcard, published by Scotoni e Vitti, current in 1906

Copyright: Schloß Schönbrunn Kultur- und Betriebsges.m.b.H. / Objekt aus der Sammlung Dr. Lukan


The Italians

The Italians had always been an important cultural and economic force in the Habsburg multi-ethnic state. After the loss of Lombardy and Venetia, however, the Austrian Italians were numerically speaking only a very small element in the patchwork of peoples under Habsburg rule. This being the case, the calls for unification with the young nation-state of Italy understandably came as a severe challenge to their traditional loyalty to the House of Habsburg. In addition they felt particularly threatened by the demands of the southern Slav nationalists in the eastern Adriatic, which made the great maritime city of Trieste into one of the most sensitive and volatile spots in the highly problematic context of the Monarchy’s nationalities.