Outbreak of the war
End of the war
Political map of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the adjoining regions, 1911

Copyright: Schloß Schönbrunn Kultur-und Betriebsges.m.b.H./Fotograf: Alexander E. Koller / Objekt aus Privatbesitz


The Habsburg Monarchy on the eve of the First World War: a status report

What did the state look like in 1914 as it prepared for a war that it would not survive?

In terms of population and economic strength, the Habsburg Monarchy was a second-class major power that had fallen behind the other superpowers of the time.

The development of Austria-Hungary reflected the diversity and heterogeneity of central Europe. Franz Joseph’s empire was a multinational state in which over ten languages were spoken and all European religions were represented.

The much-cited catchphrase of a multi-speed Europe applied very much to the Habsburg Monarchy. Apart from highly developed regions, there were also areas that were backward in terms of social and economic development.