Outbreak of the war
End of the war

Political map of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the adjoining regions, 1911

Verwendet bei

  • Story

    The Habsburg Monarchy on the eve of the First World War: a status report

    What did the state look like in 1914 as it prepared for a war that it would not survive?

    In terms of population and economic strength, the Habsburg Monarchy was a second-class major power that had fallen behind the other superpowers of the time.

    The development of Austria-Hungary reflected the diversity and heterogeneity of central Europe. Franz Joseph’s empire was a multinational state in which over ten languages were spoken and all European religions were represented.

  • Chapter

    The Dual Monarchy: two states in a single empire

    The Austro-Hungarian Compromise in 1867 transformed the Habsburg Monarchy into an alliance of two sovereign states. Austria-Hungary was a dual system in which each half of the empire had its own constitution, government and parliament. The citizens on each half were also treated as foreigners in the other half.