Outbreak of the war
End of the war

Theo Zasche: “Cis and Trans”, Caricature from Österreichische Volkszeitung of 21 October 1917

The caricature plays on the protectionist economic policy of Hungary during the First World War, which, although the Empire’s traditional granary, cut back considerably on the exports of food to the Austrian half. The metropolis of Vienna suffered particularly from the serious shortages

Verwendet bei

  • Chapter

    István Graf Tisza: Hungary’s ‘strong man’

    With his national feudal views, Count István Tisza was a typical representative of the Hungarian gentry, who dominated Hungary’s political landscape around 1900. As Hungarian minister president, he cultivated an authoritarian style with distant loyalty to Vienna and an uncompromising attitude to the demands of ethnic minorities.

  • Chapter

    Vienna as a centre of the war economy

    With the outbreak of the war, the economy had to be adapted to the new situation, and it contained several planned economy elements and dictatorial characteristics. This process was combined with the militarization of businesses and working conditions. A shortage of labour soon became apparent, compensated increasingly through the use of women. The lack of preparation for a war of this length and intensity can be seen as well in the dire supply situation to the population of Vienna, with shortages practically across the board.