Outbreak of the war
End of the war

Max Frey: The proclamation of the Republic from the balcony of the Lower Austrian parliament in Vienna’s Herrengasse on 30 October 1918, painting, 1918

For the historian Kurt Skalnik, this was not to be seen as a good omen for the new state: “Dark groups of people. A few flags above their heads: red, and black, red and gold. There is no red, white and red to be seen.”

Verwendet bei

  • Chapter

    12 November 1918

    Article 1
    German-Austria is a democratic republic. All public powers are put into force by the people.

    Article 2
    German-Austria is a constituent part of the German Republic. Special laws regulate the participation of German-Austria in the legislation and administration of the German Republic as well as the extension of the area of validity of the laws and institutions of the German Republic to German-Austria.
    (Articles 1 and 2 of the new constitution of German-Austria)

    ‘… and then Fritz Adler will proclaim the Soviet Republic of Austria. What was shameful about the affair was not so much the childishness of this arrangement as the names which were to be found in connection with it: Rothziegel, Frey, Weihrauch, Ganser, Kisch, Waller etc., all of them Jews.’ (From the diary of Franz Brandl, a senior police official)

  • Chapter

    The High Price of Peace

    The aim of the peace conferences held in the suburbs of Paris between January 1919 and August 1920 was to create a new international order.