Outbreak of the war
End of the war

Egon Erwin Kisch and Leo Rothziegel, founders of the Red Guard, photograph, around 1918

Verwendet bei

  • Chapter

    12 November 1918

    Article 1
    German-Austria is a democratic republic. All public powers are put into force by the people.

    Article 2
    German-Austria is a constituent part of the German Republic. Special laws regulate the participation of German-Austria in the legislation and administration of the German Republic as well as the extension of the area of validity of the laws and institutions of the German Republic to German-Austria.
    (Articles 1 and 2 of the new constitution of German-Austria)

    ‘… and then Fritz Adler will proclaim the Soviet Republic of Austria. What was shameful about the affair was not so much the childishness of this arrangement as the names which were to be found in connection with it: Rothziegel, Frey, Weihrauch, Ganser, Kisch, Waller etc., all of them Jews.’ (From the diary of Franz Brandl, a senior police official)

  • Chapter

    Overthrow of the old values: post-war Vienna

    The old world was increasingly falling apart. The collapse of the Habsburg Monarchy and the proclamation of the republic marked a clear change, but wartime and post-war Vienna showed remarkable parallels. An improvement in the living conditions of the people of Vienna was not in sight. Added to this was the fear or hope, depending on ideology, of revolution and a soviet dictatorship. From the end of October 1918 to June 1919 Vienna was the scene of bloody demonstrations and clashes.