Outbreak of the war
End of the war

Assembly of aircraft components in the carriageworks factory in Favoriten, Vienna, photo from Österreichs Illustrierte Zeitung, 13 August 1916

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  • Story

    The economy in the First World War

    Apart from the American Civil War (1861-1865), the First World War was the first war in which economic superiority (and here above all the ability to completely mobilise the economy) was crucial for victory or defeat. Lasting more than four years, the war had both major political and serious social, economic and financial effects. The strain on the national product was greater in the countries on the losing side than in the victorious powers. In some countries of central Europe, attempts were made to change the social structure following the Russian October Revolution in 1917.

  • Chapter

    Vienna as a centre of the war economy

    With the outbreak of the war, the economy had to be adapted to the new situation, and it contained several planned economy elements and dictatorial characteristics. This process was combined with the militarization of businesses and working conditions. A shortage of labour soon became apparent, compensated increasingly through the use of women. The lack of preparation for a war of this length and intensity can be seen as well in the dire supply situation to the population of Vienna, with shortages practically across the board.