Viktoria Savs, also known as the “heroine of the Drei Zinnen”, followed her father into the war under the name Viktor Savs in 1915. She served in the 2nd Innsbruck Landsturm Infantry Battalion and was awarded the Silver Medal for Bravery, First Class, the Bronze Medal for Bravery and the Karl Troop Cross for her services at the front. On 27 May 1917, Victoria Savs suffered a serious injury that led to her losing a leg and having to end her service in the war.
The war heroine Olena Stepanivna was awarded the Silver Medal for Bravery for her dedication during the Battle of Makivka in early 1915.
Friedrich Adler, son of the Social Democratic Party leader Victor Adler, was the Party Secretary of the Austrian Social Democrats between 1911 and 1914. As an opponent of the war, he objected to the Social Democrat war policy and ultimately resigned from his position as Party Secretary. On 21 October 1916, Friedrich Adler assassinated the Austro-Hungarian Prime Minister Karl Graf Stürgkh, whom he regarded as being responsible for the continuation of the war. Adler was then sentenced to death, but reprieved by Emperor Karl and amnestied shortly before the end of the war.
Intellectual circles, writers, artists, academics, philosophers and scientists in particular saw the war as a solution to many of the problems confronting the Monarchy. They regarded the call to arms as a catharsis, a purifying force, and an opportunity to escape from the despised and weary pre-war world with its seemingly insoluble social and national conflicts.