Outbreak of the war
End of the war

Emperor Karl, Empress Zita and Archduke Otto in the Hungarian coronation robes, photograph, 1916

The mediaeval feudal pomp displayed at the Coronation and the archaic rituals caused a certain degree of astonishment amongst contemporary observers in the light of the disaster of the First World War.

Verwendet bei

  • Chapter

    The accession of Emperor Karl

    After two years of war Austria-Hungary was economically and militarily entirely worn out. On 21 November 1916 a further blow came with the death of Emperor Franz Joseph, who had been an important linchpin for the unity of the decrepit Dual Monarchy.

  • Chapter

    Karl I and the collapse of the Monarchy

    In November 1916 Emperor Franz Joseph died after a long reign of 68 years. In the middle of the turmoil of the First World War the Monarchy had lost the symbolic figurehead of Habsburg power. The political elites of the Habsburg Monarchy were ill-prepared for the change. Whole areas of public life were seized by a sense of disorientation.